The national laboratories are a reservoir of scientific and technology talent that can help the US to compete in international markets. Spurred in the past decade by new legislation and enlightened policies, the national laboratories have greatly expanded efforts to transfer federally-funded inventions and technology to private industry.
Bozeman, B. (1994). The cooperative technology paradigm: An evaluation of U.S. government laboratories’ technology transfer activities. Policy Studies Journal, 22(2), 322-327.